Laparoscopic vasectomy in African Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) : surgical technique and results

Show simple item record Marais, Hendrik Johannes Hendrickson, Dean A. Stetter, Mark Zuba, Jeffrey R. Penning, Mark Siegal-Willott, Jess Hardy, Christine 2014-07-16T05:40:39Z 2014-07-16T05:40:39Z 2013-12
dc.description.abstract Several small, enclosed reserves in southern Africa are experiencing significant elephant population growth, which has resulted in associated environmental damage and changes in biodiversity. Although several techniques exist to control elephant populations, e.g., culling, relocation, and immunocontraception, the technique of laparoscopic vasectomy of free-ranging bull elephants was investigated. Bilateral vasectomies were performed in 45 elephants. Of these elephants, one died within 24 hr of recovery and two had complications during surgery but recovered uneventfully. Histologic examination confirmed the resected tissue as ductus deferens in all the bulls. Most animals recovered uneventfully and showed no abnormal behavior after surgery. Complications recorded included incisional dehiscence, 1 full-thickness and 2 partial-thickness lacerations of the large intestine, and initial sling-associated complications, for example, deep radial nerve paresis. One bull was found dead 6 weeks after surgery without showing any prior abnormal signs. Vasectomy in free-ranging African bull elephants may be effectively performed in their normal environment. The surgical procedure can be used as a realistic population management tool in free-ranging elephants without major anesthetic, surgical, or postoperative complications. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Marais, HJ, Hendrickson, DA, Stetter, M, Zuba, JR, Penning, M, Siegal-Willott, J & Hardy, C 2013, 'Laparoscopic vasectomy in African Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) : surgical technique and results', Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, vol. 44, no. 4S, pp. S18-S20. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1042-7260 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1937-2825 (online)
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Association of Zoo Veterinarians en_US
dc.rights Copyright 2013 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians en_US
dc.subject African Savannah elephant en_US
dc.subject Laparoscopy en_US
dc.subject Loxodonta africana en_US
dc.subject Surgical technique en_US
dc.subject Vasectomy en_US
dc.title Laparoscopic vasectomy in African Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) : surgical technique and results en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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