An assessment of zoonotic and production limiting pathogens in rusa deer (Cervus timorensis rusa) from Mauritius

Show simple item record Jori, Ferran J. Godfroid, Jacques Michel, Anita Luise Potts, A.D. Jaumally, Mahmad Reshad Sauzier, Jacqueline Roger, Matthieu 2014-07-08T11:16:29Z 2014-08
dc.description.abstract A population of approximately 70 000 rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa) represents the most important mammal species reared for food on the island of Mauritius, being the main source of red meat for the local population. However, very limited information is available on the circulation of pathogens affecting the productivity and health of this species. To produce baseline data on the circulation of infectious pathogens in rusa deer under production, a serological survey and/or direct pathogen detection for six selected infectious diseases was undertaken in 2007 in a sample of 53% of the herds reared in semi-free-ranging conditions in hunting estates. Seropositive results were recorded for Johne's disease with an indirect ELISA test (1.7%, n = 351), heartwater with an immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) (95.5%, n = 178) and leptospirosis with a Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) (25.9%, n = 363). Significant associations were found between seroprevalence to some of the leptospiral serogroups detected (Tarassovi, Pomona, Sejroe and Mini) and age of the animals, animal density or location of the estates (being more prevalent in hotter and more humid areas). In addition, Mycobacterium bovis and M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis were confirmed in two deer carcasses by culture and PCR, respectively. No antibodies against Brucella spp. nor Rift Valley Fever virus were detected with the use of respective indirect ELISA's. The results obtained suggest that the population of rusa deer from Mauritius is exposed to a wide range of pathogens which may affect their productivity. In addition, the results highlight the potential public health risks incurred by deer industry workers and consumers. This survey fills an important gap in knowledge regarding the health of tropical deer meat in Mauritius and justifies the need to implement more regular surveys of selected pathogens in the deer population. en_US
dc.description.embargo 2015-08-30
dc.description.librarian hb2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship French Ministry of Foreign Affairs en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Jori, F, Godfroid, J, Michel, AL, Potts, AD, Jaumally, MR, Sauzier, J & Roger, M 2014, 'An assessment of zoonotic and production limiting pathogens in rusa deer (Cervus timorensis rusa) from Mauritius', Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 61, suppl. s1, pp. 31-42. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1865-1674 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1865-1682 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1111/tbed.12206
dc.identifier.other 55978917900
dc.identifier.other N-8996-2014
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley-Blackwell en_US
dc.rights © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. The definite version is available at : en_US
dc.subject Mauritius en_US
dc.subject Leptospirosis en_US
dc.subject Johne's disease en_US
dc.subject Heartwater en_US
dc.subject Ehrichia ruminantium en_US
dc.subject Brucella spp en_US
dc.subject Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa) en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis (TB) en_US
dc.title An assessment of zoonotic and production limiting pathogens in rusa deer (Cervus timorensis rusa) from Mauritius en_US
dc.type Preprint Article en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record