Eve - progenitor of mankind - was, from ancient times, enveloped in myths and legends. Although mentioned only four times by name in the Bible, she is an important biblical figure and archetype. She became 'the mother of all living' (Gen 3:20). Various scholars have concluded that a goddess lies behind Eve and that she can be linked to particular mythological figures. Etymologically, the name 'Eve' and the Aramaic words 'life' ans 'serpent' all appear to be derived from the same root. In the Garden of Eden narrative, as described in Genesis 3, the serpent skilfully deceived Eve into disobeying the divine command. Sin, and thus death, entered the world through the disobedience of Eve. She became the prototype of all women. Ancient perspectives on the creation and role of women varied. Since the late nineteenth century there is a progressive interest by feminists in the science of religion. Traditional interpretations of biblical texts regarding women are being questioned and in some instances - from a balanced modern point of view - reinterpreted.