Threats to an ecosystem service : pressures on pollinators

Show simple item record Vanbergen, Adam J. Baude, Mathilde Biesmeijer, Jacobus C. Britton, Nicholas F. Brown, Mark J.F. Brown, Mike Bryden, John Budge, Giles E. Bull, James C. Carvell, Claire Challinor, Andrew J. Connolly, Christopher N. Evans, David J. Feil, Edward J. Garratt, Mike P. Greco, Mark K. Heard, Matthew S. Jansen, Vincent A.A. Keeling, Matt J. Kunin, William E. Marris, Gay C Memmott, Jane Murray, James T. Nicolson, Sue W. Osborne, Juliet L. Paxton, Robert J. Pirk, Christian Walter Werner Polce, Chiara Potts, Simon G. Priest, Nicholas K. Raine, Nigel E. Roberts, Stuart Ryabov, Eugene V. Shafir, Sharoni Simpson, Stephen J. Stevenson, Philip C. Stone, Graham N. Termansen, Mette Wright, Geraldine A. 2014-07-07T12:25:50Z 2014-07-07T12:25:50Z 2013
dc.description.abstract Insect pollinators of crops and wild plants are under threat globally and their decline or loss could have profound economic and environmental consequences. Here, we argue that multiple anthropogenic pressures – including land-use intensification, climate change, and the spread of alien species and diseases – are primarily responsible for insect-pollinator declines. We show that a complex interplay between pressures (eg lack of food sources, diseases, and pesticides) and biological processes (eg species dispersal and interactions) at a range of scales (from genes to ecosystems) underpins the general decline in insect-pollinator populations. Interdisciplinary research on the nature and impacts of these interactions will be needed if human food security and ecosystem function are to be preserved. We highlight key areas that require research focus and outline some practical steps to alleviate the pressures on pollinators and the pollination services they deliver to wild and crop plants. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Living With Environmental Change partnership, by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Natural Environment Research Council, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Scottish Government, and the Wellcome Trust. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Vanbergenm, AJ & the Insect Pollinators Initiative 2013, 'Threats to an ecosystem service : pressures on pollinators', Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment , vol. 11, pp. 251-259. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1540-9295 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1540-9309 online
dc.identifier.other 10.1890/120126
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Ecological Society of America en_US
dc.rights © The Ecological Society of America en_US
dc.subject Ecosystem service en_US
dc.subject Pressures en_US
dc.subject Crops en_US
dc.subject Insect pollinators en_US
dc.title Threats to an ecosystem service : pressures on pollinators en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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