Determinants of farmers' choice of innovative risk-reduction interventions to wastewater-irrigated agriculture

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Ndunda, E.N. (Ezekiel Nthee)
dc.contributor.author Mungatana, Eric D.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-04T09:50:53Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-04T09:50:53Z
dc.date.issued 2013-01-08
dc.description.abstract This paper identifies the innovative methods used by urban farmers to reduce the health and environmental risks linked to wastewater-irrigated agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya. A study involving 317 urban and peri-urban farmers was conducted and innovative methods identified for risk-reduction in wastewater irrigation. According to the results, the farmers’ choice of adaptation measures in wastewater irrigation was: No intervention (49.8%), crops restriction (21.1%), protective clothing (12.6%), safer application (8.8%), and irrigation cessation (7.6%). The estimated model had a robust explanatory ability since the likelihood ratio statistics were statistically significant ( 2 c =222.13; p=0.000). The marginal analysis results show that the following factors significantly (p=0.005) influence the farmers’ choice of low-risk measures in wastewater irrigation: Household size, farming experience, membership to farmers group, access to credit, access to certified seed, access to media, crop income, awareness to World Health Organization irrigation guidelines, and awareness to wastewater hazards. Therefore, it was concluded that education support and creation of awareness about health risks in wastewater irrigation are important for enhanced adoption of risk-reduction technologies among the farmers. There is a need to design policies and programs that support farmers in safe wastewater irrigation, while raising their awareness on the health hazards attributed to untreated wastewater reuse. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) en_US
dc.description.uri http://www.academicjournals.org/AJAR en_US
dc.identifier.citation Ndunda, EN & Mungatana, ED 2013, 'Determinants of farmers' choice of innovative risk-reduction interventions to wastewater-irrigated agriculture', African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 119-128. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1991-637X
dc.identifier.other 10.5897/AJAR12.1679
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/40549
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Academic Journals en_US
dc.rights © 2013 Academic Journals en_US
dc.subject Low-risk measures en_US
dc.subject Marginal effects en_US
dc.subject Multinomial logit en_US
dc.subject Urban farmers en_US
dc.subject Wastewater irrigation en_US
dc.title Determinants of farmers' choice of innovative risk-reduction interventions to wastewater-irrigated agriculture en_US
dc.type Article en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record