Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Mauritius, 11-13 July, 2011.
In the study of transport phenomena, mass, momentum
and energy are increasingly recognized of fundamental
importance. The prediction of the mechanical transport in the
ocean is a difficult task. Parallel flow through a straight channel
provides a good understanding in connection with flow in
estuaries. Thus to study the transport through estuaries, a
simple case of an unsteady incompressible flow and heat
transfer of a non-ionized fluid with charged SPM between two
infinite parallel plates has been considered. The solutions of the
governing equations of flow field have been obtained by
using Crank-Nicholson finite difference technique. An
illustration of dependence of physical variables on nondimensional
parameters viz. diffusion parameter, finite
volume fraction, concentration parameter, magnetic
parameter has been depicted through figures and tables.
The direction of heat transfer has been discussed by taking a
situation PrEc 2 in both frozen flow and equilibrium flow
regimes. The electrification of particles has an effect on
reduction of the velocity of carrier fluid as well as SPM but on
increase of the temperature of carrier fluid and SPM.