Prevalence of oral and oropharyngeal human papillomavirus in a sample of South African men : a pilot study

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dc.contributor.author Davidson, C.L.
dc.contributor.author Richter, Karin Louise
dc.contributor.author Van der Linde, Michael J. (Mike)
dc.contributor.author Coetsee, Judy
dc.contributor.author Boy, Sonja Catharina
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-06T09:31:24Z
dc.date.available 2014-06-06T09:31:24Z
dc.date.issued 2014-05
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is well known to be associated with head and neck cancers (HNCs). HPV-associated HNCs are related to sexual behaviour, particularly the lifetime number of oral sex partners, but the epidemiology of oral and oropharyngeal HPV in South African men has not yet been studied. Objectives. To determine the oral and oropharyngeal HPV strain prevalence and associated factors in a selected male population in Pretoria, South Africa (SA). METHODS. Male factory workers were recruited. Oral rinse and gargle samples were tested for 37 HPV types using the Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test (Roche Molecular Systems). A questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding age, medical conditions, substance and alcohol use and sexual behaviour. HIV testing was optional. RESULTS. The HPV prevalence was 5.6% among men (N=125) aged 17 - 64 years. High-risk HPV (hrHPV) types 16 and 68 were found in two men. Oral sex seemed to be an uncommon practice in the majority of respondents, but the two respondents with hrHPV did practise oral sex. There was a statistically significant association between HPV infection and an increased number of sexual partners (p=0.027), but not between HPV and substance use, HIV status or clinical mucosal pathology. CONCLUSION. The prevalence of oral and oropharyngeal HPV was lower than reported in other countries. An association between oral HPV and having multiple sexual partners was found. A larger nationwide study would give a more representative view of the burden of oral and oropharyngeal HPV infection in SA. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Dental Research Education and Development Trust of the South African Dental Association en_US
dc.description.uri http://www.samj.org.za en_US
dc.identifier.citation Davidson, CL, Richter, KL, Van der Linde, M, Coetsee, J & Boy, SC 2013,'Prevalence of oral and oropharyngeal human papillomavirus in a sample of South African men : a pilot study', South African Medical Journal, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 358-361. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0256-9574 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2078-5135 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.7196/SAMJ.7542
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/40052
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Health and Medical Publishing Group en_US
dc.rights Health and Medical Publishing Group en_US
dc.subject Human papillomavirus (HPV) en_US
dc.subject Infection en_US
dc.subject Head and neck cancers en_US
dc.subject Sexual behaviour en_US
dc.subject South African men en_US
dc.title Prevalence of oral and oropharyngeal human papillomavirus in a sample of South African men : a pilot study en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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