Prevalence and risk factors for infection of bovine tuberculosis in indigenous cattle in the Serengeti ecosystem, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Katale, Bugwesa Z.
dc.contributor.author Mbugi, Erasto V.
dc.contributor.author Karimuribo, Esron D.
dc.contributor.author Keyyu, Julius D.
dc.contributor.author Kendall, Sharon
dc.contributor.author Kibiki, Gibson S.
dc.contributor.author Godfrey-Faussett, Peter
dc.contributor.author Michel, Anita Luise
dc.contributor.author Kazwala, Rudovick R.
dc.contributor.author Van Helden, Paul David
dc.contributor.author Matee, Mecky I.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-09T06:42:14Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-09T06:42:14Z
dc.date.issued 2013-12-30
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND : Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic debilitating disease and is a cause of morbidity and mortality in livestock, wildlife and humans. This study estimated the prevalence and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis transmission in indigenous cattle at the human-animal interface in the Serengeti ecosystem of Tanzania. RESULTS : A total of 1,103 indigenous cattle from 32 herds were investigated for the presence of bTB using the Single Intradermal Comparative Tuberculin Test. Epidemiological data on herd structure, management and grazing system were also collected. The apparent individual animal prevalence of tuberculin reactors was 2.4% (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.7 – 3.5%), whereas the true prevalence was 0.6% CI, 0.6 – 0.7% as indicated by a reaction to avian tuberculin purified protein derivatives (PPD) which is more than 4 mm greater than the reaction to avian tuberculin PPD. The results showed that 10.6% (117/1,103) showed non-specific reactions (atypical mycobacterium). The herd prevalence of 50% (16/32) was found. Tuberculin skin test results were found to be significantly associated with age, location, size of the household and animal tested. Of 108 respondents, 70 (64.8%) individuals had not heard about bovine tuberculosis at all. Thirty five percent (38/108) of respondents at least were aware of bTB. About 60% (23/38) of respondents who were aware of bTB had some knowledge on how bTB is spread. Eighty one percent (87/108) of respondents were not aware of the presence of bTB in wildlife. There is regular contact between cattle and wild animals due to sharing of grazing land and water sources, with 99% (107/108) of households grazing cattle in communal pastures. CONCLUSION : The study has demonstrated a high reported interaction of livestock with wildlife and poor knowledge of most cattle owners concerning bTB and its transmission pathways among people, livestock and wildlife. Although the overall proportion of animals with bTB is relatively low, herd prevalence is 50% and prevalence within herds varied considerably. Thus there is a possibility of cross transmission of bTB at wildlife-livestock interface areas that necessitates use of genetic strain typing methods to characterize them accurately. en
dc.description.librarian am2014 en
dc.description.librarian ab2014
dc.description.sponsorship The Southern African Centre for Infectious Diseases Surveillance (SACIDS) under Wellcome Trust Grant [WT087546MA]. en
dc.description.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/9/267 en
dc.identifier.citation Katale et al.: Prevalence and risk factors for infection of bovine tuberculosis in indigenous cattle in the Serengeti ecosystem, Tanzania. BMC Veterinary Research 2013 9:267. en
dc.identifier.issn 1746-6148
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1746-6148-9-267
dc.identifier.other 55978917900
dc.identifier.other N-8996-2014
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/39628
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2013 Katale et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Mycobacterium bovis en
dc.subject Human-animal interface en
dc.subject Serengeti ecosystem en
dc.subject Wildlife en
dc.subject Bovine tuberculosis en
dc.subject.lcsh Tuberculosis in cattle -- Tanzania en
dc.subject.lcsh Cattle -- Infections en
dc.subject.lcsh Serengeti National Park (Tanzania) en
dc.title Prevalence and risk factors for infection of bovine tuberculosis in indigenous cattle in the Serengeti ecosystem, Tanzania en
dc.type Article en


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