This paper examines the protocols of engagement of the African Peer Review
Mechanism (APRM) since its launch, three years ago. The African peer review
mechanism was established in 2003 as an instrument to monitor the performance
of participating African countries based on the protocols of engagement as
identified in the document of inception. The main purpose is to foster the adoption
of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, high economic
growth, sustainable development and accelerated sub-regional and continental
economic integration through the sharing of experiences and reinforcement of
successful and best practice. It is argued that while the African peer review process
is the most decisive element towards attaining the objectives set forth in the
New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), its focus needs to be revisited.
Targeting critical governance and continental policies and the provision of incentives are paramount for effective and successful implementation.