Training and development for public officials have been changed from being
action-orientated to being results orientated. The focus of training and development has shifted from merely designing, developing and conducting training programmes to a process where not only the needs of the organization is taken
into account but also the needs and desires of the individual. It became necessary
to introduce a process of needs analysis to enable organizations to identify specific
training opportunities. The results generated from this process will provide a
clearer direction on the strategies to be followed in the development and training
of public officials.