Insights into the management of large carnivores for profitable wildlife-based land uses in African Savannas

Show simple item record Funston, Paul J. Groom, R.J. (Rosemary) Lindsey, Peter Andrew 2014-04-01T10:12:11Z 2014-04-01T10:12:11Z 2013-03-20
dc.description.abstract Large African predators, especially lions (Panthera leo) and leopards (Panthera pardus), are financially valuable for ecotourism and trophy hunting operations on land also utilized for the production of other wildlife species for the same purpose. Predation of ungulates used for trophy hunting can create conflict with landholders and trade off thus exists between the value of lions and leopards and their impact on ungulate populations. Therefore productionist and conservation trade-offs are complexly graded and difficult to resolve. We investigated this with a risk-benefit analysis on a large private wildlife production area in Zimbabwe. Our model showed that lions result in substantial financial costs through predation on wild ungulates that may not be offset by profits from hunting them, whereas the returns from trophy hunting of leopards are projected to exceed the costs due to leopard predation. In the absence of additional income derived from photo-tourism the number of lions may need to be managed to minimize their impact. Lions drive important ecological processes, but there is a need to balance ecological and financial imperatives on wildlife ranches, community wildlife lands and other categories of multiple use land used for wildlife production. This will ensure the competitiveness of wildlife based land uses relative to alternatives. Our findings may thus be limited to conservancies, community land-use areas and commercial game ranches, which are expansive in Africa, and should not necessarily applied to areas where biodiversity conservation is the primary objective, even if hunting is allowed there. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2014 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Geographic Conservation Trust, Columbus Zoo, Chicago Zoological Society, the Rufford Foundation, and Conservation Force. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Funston PJ, Groom RJ, Lindsey PA (2013) Insights into the Management of Large Carnivores for Profitable Wildlife-Based Land Uses in African Savannas. PLoS ONE 8(3): e59044. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059044 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.other 10.1371/journal.pone.0059044
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.rights © 2013 Funston et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_US
dc.subject Management en_US
dc.subject Carnivores en_US
dc.subject African Savannas en_US
dc.subject Trophy hunting en_US
dc.subject Conservancies en_US
dc.subject Community land-use areas en_US
dc.subject Commercial game ranches en_US
dc.subject Profitable wildlife-based land uses en_US
dc.title Insights into the management of large carnivores for profitable wildlife-based land uses in African Savannas en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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