We report on the crystal structure and morphology of vanadium dioxide (VO2) nanostructures synthesized by pulsed laser deposition
on soda-lime glass substrates. The VO2 nanostructures exhibit sharp a-axis diffraction peaks, characteristic of the VO2 monoclinic phase,
which implies that highly a-axis textured VO2 was formed. A detailed description of the growth mechanisms and the substrate–film interaction
is given, and the characteristics of the electronic transition and hysteresis of the phase transition are described in terms of the
morphology and grain boundary structure. The sharpness of the transition and the hysteresis upon heating and cooling are found to
be strong functions of the crystal structure and microstructure (grain size and shape).