Anaesthetic management of two Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) cubs for fracture repair

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dc.contributor.author Zeiler, Gareth Edward
dc.contributor.author Rioja, Eva
dc.contributor.author Boucher, Charles (Charlie)
dc.contributor.author Tordiffe, A.S.W. (Adrian Stephen Wolferstan)
dc.date.accessioned 2014-02-28T07:48:09Z
dc.date.available 2014-02-28T07:48:09Z
dc.date.issued 2013-11-08
dc.description.abstract This case series describes the anaesthetic management of two sibling Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) cubs that were found to have spontaneous femur fractures due to severe nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. Both cubs received a combination of medetomidine (25 μg/kg) and ketamine (4 mg/kg) intramuscularly and were maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. An epidural injection of morphine (0.1 mg/kg) and ropivacaine (1.6 mg/kg) was administered to both tigers, which allowed a low end-tidal isoflurane concentration to be maintained throughout the femur fracture reduction operations. Both cubs experienced profound bradycardia and hypotension during general anaesthesia, and were unresponsive to anticholinergic treatment. Possible causes for these cardiovascular complications included: drug pharmacodynamics (medetomidine, morphine, isoflurane), decreased sympathetic tone due to the epidural (ropivacaine) and hypothermia. These possible causes are discussed in detail. en
dc.description.librarian am2014 en
dc.description.librarian mn2014
dc.description.sponsorship The Wildlife Group (http://www.vets4wildlife.co.za) of the South African Veterinary Association en
dc.description.uri http://www.jsava.co.za en
dc.identifier.citation Zeiler, G.E., Rioja, E., Boucher, C. & Tordiffe, A.S.W., 2013, ‘Anaesthetic management of two Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) cubs for fracture repair’, Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 84(1), Art. #995, 5 pages. http://dx.DOI.org/ 10.4102/jsava.v84i1.995 en
dc.identifier.issn 0038-2809 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 2224-9435 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.4102/jsava.v84i1.995
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/36942
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher OpenJournals Publishing en
dc.rights © 2013. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS OpenJournals. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. en
dc.subject Anaesthetic management en
dc.subject Fracture repair en
dc.subject Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) cubs en
dc.subject Hyperparathyroidism en
dc.subject Epidural injection of morphine en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary anesthesia en
dc.title Anaesthetic management of two Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) cubs for fracture repair en
dc.type Article en


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