Virus isolates from three important reservoirs for rabies in Africa (domestic dogs, jackals and yellow
mongooses) were compared by their reaction with a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed to the
nucleocapsid protein and by the nucleotide sequence of a 200 base pair segment of the nucleocapsid
gene. Although antigenically dissimilar, the variants commonly transmitted in dogs and jackals were
very closely related by genetic analysis. Phylogenetic analysis and historical accounts support a common
lineage for these variants in both past and present reservoirs for rabies in Europe. Two additional
variants, distinct from the dog or jackal variant, were found in yellow mongoose samples and nucleotide
sequence from these animals showed more divergence than any other group of samples. These variants
and a third variant for which no host species could be identified, were shown to form two additional
genetic groups only distantly related to each other. These three variants and a previously identified
variant in Nigeria may be indigenous to African carnivores.
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AGOA is a US trade policy which defines and underpins the trade and investment relations between the US
and sub-Saharan Africa. Essentially, AGOA extends duty free treatment to exports from eligible sub Saharan
This thesis examines and defends the use of a human rights framework for the protection of
minority languages and linguistic minorities in Africa as an effective means to eliminate
discrimination against linguistic minorities, ...
Wekesa, Seth Muchuma(University of Pretoria, 2016)
Most African states have criminalised homosexual acts between consenting adults on the basis that it amounts to a threat to the traditional heterosexual family. They believe that sexual orientation is a matter of personal ...