Two radiolabelled complementary DNA (eDNA) probes (1663 bp and 200 bp res pectively) were prepared from the genome segment that encodes the non-structural protein 1 (NS1) of bluetongue virus serotype 4 (BTV4). The probes were used to optimize the in situ hybridization (ISH) method on baby hamster kidney-21 (BHK-21) cells and to investigate the use of the technique as a diagnostic procedure. Cells were infected with BTV4 at a multiplicity of infection of 0,5 PFU/cell. An intense cytoplasmic hybridization signal could be detected from 3 hours post-infection onwards, reaching a peak at 17 hours. The ISH procedure has potential use as a diagnostic technique, but will probably find a wider application in pathogenesis studies. An in situ hybridization method was also developed for the detection of BTV RNA in the central nervous system of newborn mice after intracranial inoculation with BTV10. Viral RNA-positive cells were detected from day 3 onwards, predominantly in areas where the virus caused necrotic encephalitis.
The articles have been scanned in colour with a HP Scanjet 5590; 600dpi.
Adobe Acrobat XI Pro was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format.