A nervous disorder in cattle, caused by the plants Ficus ingens var. ingens and Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia

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dc.contributor.author Fourie, Nicole
dc.contributor.author Kellerman, T. Stephanus
dc.contributor.author Cornelius, S.T.
dc.contributor.author Ward, Caroline
dc.contributor.author Van der Lugt, Jaco J.
dc.contributor.editor Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand
dc.contributor.upauthor Myburgh, Jan G.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-12-09T09:00:49Z
dc.date.available 2013-12-09T09:00:49Z
dc.date.created 2013
dc.date.issued 1994
dc.description The articles have been scanned in colour with a HP Scanjet 5590; 600dpi. Adobe Acrobat XI Pro was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format. en
dc.description.abstract Two outbreaks of neurotoxicoses are reported in cattle browsing on the leaves of Ficus spp. In the first outbreak, three animals died and one became ill. A sheep developed severe nervous signs, including tetanic spasms, when dosed with the leaves of Ficus ingens var. ingens from the toxic camp where the cattle had died. The second outbreak resulted in the death of 12 heifers within 48 h of ingestion of the leaves of F. cordata subsp. salicifolia. Clinical signs included hyperaesthesia, ataxia, muscle tremors and paddling motions while in lateral recumbency. Similar signs were reproduced by drenching the incriminated leaves to a steer. The sheep dosed with F. ingens var. ingens and two cattle, one of which had died during the second outbreak and the steer drenched with F. cordata subsp. salicifolia, were necropsied. Light microscopical examination consistently revealed oedema of the central nervous system. In the steer, focal demyelination was evident in localized areas of the brain and spinal cord. Liver lesions ranged from mild degeneration to focal disseminated necrosis of hepatocytes. en
dc.description.librarian mn2013
dc.identifier.citation Myburgh, JG, Fourie, N, Van der Lugt, JJ, Kellerman, TS, Cornelius, ST & Ward, C 1994, 'A nervous disorder in cattle, caused by the plants Ficus ingens var. ingens and Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia', Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 171-176 en
dc.identifier.issn 0330-2465
dc.identifier.other 35321482200
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/32751
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute en
dc.rights © ARC-Onderstepoort (original). © University of Pretoria. Dept of Library Services (digital). en
dc.subject Veterinary medicine en
dc.subject Plant poisoning en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Cattle -- Diseases en
dc.title A nervous disorder in cattle, caused by the plants Ficus ingens var. ingens and Ficus cordata subsp. salicifolia en
dc.type Article en


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