BACKGROUND. Human rights provide fundamental conditions for people to maintain dignity and selfdetermination
and protect a nation’s most vulnerable citizens. In South Africa, children with
intellectual disability who experience socioeconomic disadvantage may be particularly vulnerable due
to their cognitive impairments and inability to garner needed resources.
METHOD. The perceptions of children with intellectual disability regarding their access to basic
amenities in their home environments were examined to determine whether their positive human
rights were met. Risk factors were examined in relation to these perceptions.
RESULTS. The results suggested that participants generally reported high degrees of access to basic
resources. Logistic regressions suggested socioeconomic risk factors (e.g., income, education,
household size, relationship status) were negatively related to children’s reports of access to food and
their own beds and positively related to having someone available to explain confusing concepts to
CONCLUSIONS. The positive human rights of children living in high risk environments should be
monitored to ensure all South Africans have their rights met.