This contribution examines Rudolf Otto’s and Paul Tillich’s theories of religion against the
background of the debates around 1900. Beginning with Wilhelm Windelband’s motifs and
Ernst Troeltsch’s philosophies of religion, it is shown that Otto and Tillich alike elaborate
on a performance-bound conception of religion from transcendental-philosophical and
phenomenological motifs. Tillich, following Edmund Husserl, ultimately resolves the idea of
a religious a priori as a concept of religion elaborated in terms of the theory of intentionality.
This article is dedicated to
Prof. Dr James-Alfred Loader.
Prof. Dr Christian Danz is
participating as research
fellow of Prof. Dr Johan
Buitendag, professor in the
Department of Systematic
Theology and Ethics and
Dean of the Faculty of
Theology, University of