1. Frequent and extensive burning practices coupled with intensive
grazing management are known to impact negatively on the vegetation diversity of
grassland ecosystems. Few studies have investigated the impacts on spider diversity
and community structure as a result of these management practices, and no studies
have been conducted in high mountain grasslands on how these spider assemblages
are influenced by this form of management.
2. Here, we present the results of a study conducted in the Mpumalanga grasslands
on the eastern escarpment of South Africa. Ground-dwelling spiders were sampled in
the summer season from 180 pit-fall traps in five study sites that varied from either
being burnt annually and grazed heavily, burnt biennially and conservatively grazed, to
communal land with no set management practice. Variations between sites were
assessed and based on spider species composition and assemblage structure.
3. A total of 1145 individuals were collected representing 86 species from 60 genera
and 43 families. Our results show that a majority of genera in these grasslands were
represented by very few individuals, where a total of 37 species were represented by
singletons and 17 species that were doubletons. The most abundant families were the
Lycosidae (64.3%), Gnaphosidae (9.0%), Zodariidae (5.3%), Linyphiidae (4.7%) and
4. Grazing intensity and fire frequency had no measurable effect on ground-dwelling
spider abundance diversity or assemblage structure. Only when rare or single species
occurrence was included, was there some form of association with sites. This study has
provided for the first preliminary inventory of ground-dwelling spiders for this habitat.