African swine fever virus eradication in Africa

Show simple item record Penrith, Mary-Louise Vosloo, Wilna Jori, Ferran J. Bastos, Armanda D.S. 2013-09-25T06:47:56Z 2013-09-25T06:47:56Z 2013
dc.description.abstract African swine fever was reported in domestic pigs in 26 African countries during the period 2009–2011. The virus exists in an ancient sylvatic cycle between warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) and argasid ticks of the Ornithodoros moubata complex in many of the countries reporting outbreaks and in two further countries in the region. Eradication of the virus from the countries in eastern and southern Africa where the classic sylvatic cycle occurs is clearly not an option. However, the virus has become endemic in domestic pigs in 20 countries and the great majority of outbreaks in recent decades, even in some countries where the sylvatic cycle occurs, have been associated with movement of infected pigs and pig meat. Pig production and marketing and ASF control in Africa have been examined in order to identify risk factors for the maintenance and spread of ASF. These include large pig populations, traditional free-range husbandry systems, lack of biosecurity in semi-intensive and intensive husbandry systems, lack of organisation in both pig production and pig marketing that results in lack of incentives for investment in pig farming, and ineffective management of ASF. Most of these factors are linked to poverty, yet pigs are recognised as a livestock species that can be used to improve livelihoods and contribute significantly to food security. The changes needed and how they might be implemented in order to reduce the risk of ASF to pig producers in Africa and to the rest of the world are explored. en
dc.description.librarian hb2013 en
dc.description.librarian ab2013
dc.description.uri en
dc.identifier.citation Penrith, ML, Vosloo, W, Jori, FJ & Bastos, ADS 2013, 'African swine fever virus eradication in Africa', Virus Research, vol. 173, no.1, pp. 228-246. en
dc.identifier.issn 0168-1702(print)
dc.identifier.issn 1872-74-92(online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.virusres.2012.10.011
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Virus Research.Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Virus Research, vol.173, no.1, pp. 228-246, 2013, doi : 10.1016/j.virusres.2012.10.011 en
dc.subject Asfivirus en
dc.subject Domestic pigs en
dc.subject Management en
dc.subject Sub-Saharan Africa en
dc.subject Sylvatic cycle en
dc.subject.lcsh African swine fever -- Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh African swine fever virus -- Africa en
dc.subject.lcsh Swine -- Diseases en
dc.title African swine fever virus eradication in Africa en
dc.type Postprint Article en

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