A total of 345 calf carcases of mainly dairy breeds from the farms around Kabete area were examined
at the post-mortem facility in the Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, University of
Nairobi, over a 10-year period (1980-1989). About 46,8% of the total deaths took place within the first
2 months, 31,8% of them in the first month and 13,3% in the first 2 weeks. In 23 cases (6,7%) no specific cause of death was determined. The major causes of death were diseases of the alimentary tract (31,3%) - mainly gastroenteritis (76/108) due to colibacillosis, salmonellosis, coccidiosis and helminthiasis, and bloat (20/108). The other major causes of death were diseases of the respiratory tract (16,8 %) mainly pneumonia (42/58), and tick-borne diseases (13,3%) - mainly east coast fever (ECF) (37/46).
The alimentary and respiratory diseases were most common in the 1-30 d age group. The other causes of death occurred in the following frequencies: musculoskeletal system (7,0%), septicaemia (6,7%), malnutrition (6,1 %), cardiovascular system (3,7%), nervous system (3,2%), liver (2,6%) and poisoning
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