Fusarium was established to accommodate phialidic fungi with fusiform macroconidia borne on
poly- or monophialides. They are characterised by significant variation in morphological characters.
These morphological characteristics have been used as basis to demarcate species within the genus with
a wide host range and cosmopolitan distribution. In the first chapter these morphological characters and
other criteria used to demarcate species in the genus Fusarium are reviewed. Furthermore the
predominant three species concepts applied to Fusarium are discussed.
The second chapter of the thesis deals with polyphyletic nature pertaining to F. subglutinans
sensu lato. This study was based on informative morphological characters as well as sequence data
obtained from the translation elongation factor 1 , -tubulin and 28S regions of the rDNA gene region.
The results indicate that F. subglutinans sensu lato represents at least thirteen independent species
associated with a variety of hosts. This manuscript was submitted for peer-viewing.
In the third chapter the taxonomic placement of a new Fusarium species from Poaceae, in South
Africa is considered. Both morphological and molecular characters were used to determine the
relationship of the new species to other species in the F. subglutinans sensu lato species complex and
more specifically the two species, F. subglutinans sensu stricto and F. circinatum, with which it
formed fertile sexual crosses. The Fusarium sp. isolated from Poaceae was described as Fusarium
ophiodes sp. nov. This manuscript was submitted for peer-viewed.
In the fourth chapter the causal agent of pine decline in Chilean nurseries are characterised as
Fusarium ciricinatum. This was done by means of sexual crosses, phylogenetics and morphological
comparisons. This led to the first report of the disease in Chile with different aspects published as two
The last chapter deals with the generic placement of a new Fusarium species associated with
Ananas comosus. The species was described as F. ananatum. It displays salmon colony colour with
conidia produced by means of both poly- and monophialides. The erect aerial mycelium distinguishes it
from the closely related species, F. guttiforme. Based on the sequence data obtained from the
translation elongation factor 1 , -tubulin and histone 3 genes, this species represent a new species in
F. subglutinans sensu lato. The study resulted in a peer-reviewed publication.