In individuals claiming compensation for occupational noise induced hearing loss, a population with a high incidence of nonorganic hearing loss, a reliable and valid behavioural pure tone (PT) threshold is not always achievable. Recent studies have compared the accuracy of behavioural PT threshold estimation using the slow cortical auditory evoked potentials (SCAEP) and auditory steady-state responses (ASSR) but there is no consensus regarding recommended technique. A review of the literature indicated that no comparison has been completed on the use of SCAEP and a single frequency ASSR technique. A research project was therefore initiated with the aim of comparing the clinical effectiveness (accuracy) and clinical efficiency (time required) of SCAEP and ASSR for behavioural PT threshold estimation in adults exposed to occupational noise. Adult participants were divided into a group with normal hearing (behavioural PT thresholds < 20 dBHL; n = 15) and a group of participants with hearing loss (n = 16 adults), the latter of which were recruited from individuals referred for audiometric screening, as part of hearing conservation programs, and who were, therefore, exposed to occupational noise. The GSI Audera electrophysiological system was used for both SCAEP and ASSR threshold measurement at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz. Use was made of tone burst stimuli for the SCAEP (rise and fall of 10 ms with 80 ms plateau), while amplitude and frequency modulated (AM/FM) stimuli was used during ASSR testing. The system’s 40 Hz protocol was chosen for use during ASSR recording while participants slept because this led to lparticipants. ASSR thresholds could not be measured in two of the three sleeping participants in the preliminary study using an 80 Hz modulation rate due to excessive noise. The mean SCAEP difference scores (SCAEP threshold minus behavioural PT threshold) for both participant groups were -0.2+10.2, 2.8+10.1,5.8+9.7, 0.5+10.4 at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz respectively, while ASSR difference scores were 25.3+12.8, 21.7+11.3,32.3+12.2, 27.1+13.8. The SCAEP correlations with behavioural PT thresholds across frequencies (r = 0.85) were also stronger than ASSR correlations (r = 0.75). Therefore, with regard to proximity of auditory evoked potentials (AEP) to behavioural PT thresholds and consistency of this relationship, the SCAEP, rather than ASSR, is the AEP of choice. However, the SCAEP took on average 10.1 minutes longer to complete than the ASSR. Clinical effectiveness was given comparably more weight than the clinical efficiency of the AEP technique to estimate behavioural PT thresholds due to the impact on overcompensation for occupational noise induced hearing loss. As such, the study acknowledged the SCAEP as the AEP of choice for the purpose of behavioural PT thresholds in adults exposed to occupational noise. It is important to note that the conclusion reached in the current study arose from the comparison of the SCAEP with a specific ASSR technique. Accuracy of ASSR estimation of behavioural PT thresholds is strongly influenced by stimulus and recording parameters of the system used, and by the participant variables. Copyright
Dissertation (MCommunication Pathology)--University of Pretoria, 2010.
Stroebel, Deidre(University of Pretoria, 2007-03-22)
There has always been a need for objective tests that assess auditory function in infants, young children, and/or any patient whose development level precludes the use of behavioral audiometric techniques. Although the ...
Visser, Christina Magdalena(University of Pretoria, 2007-05-15)
Currently a need for auditory processing test material for the identification of auditory processing disorders in children exists in the South African context. The purpose of this study was the Afrikaans translation and ...
The study presents the development of an alternative noise current term and novel voltage dependent
current noise algorithm for conductance based stochastic auditory nerve fibre (ANF) models. ANFs
are known to have ...