This research dissertation explores how memory can be used as a design tool when dealing with sites or places that have undergone political oppression in the past. It aims to explore the ways in which memory can inform and invigorate identity and meaning to regain the spirit of the place. The study area is in Marabastad, Pretoria, South Africa, which underwent political oppression including forced relocation, racial separation and destruction of its urban fabric. The future development plans for Marabastad propose that previous residents have the opportunity to return to their land. The use of memories in the future design and development plans becomes important for people who know Marabastad past and for those who don’t because it creates a reference to the past that can be identified with. Marabastad’s meaning lies within its memories and it is important to have this connection to the past in order to build a meaningful future.
Dissertation (MArch(Prof))--University of Pretoria, 2011.