Effects of mould flux contaminant on scale-steel adhesion and hydraulic descaling of scale formed on slabs were investigated. In this investigation, stainless steel type 304 (austenitic with 18% Cr and 8% Ni) and specific mould fluxes were used when growing the scale on contaminated samples under simulated industrial reheating conditions, with subsequent high pressure water hydraulic descaling. The basic hypothesis was that the steel-scale adhesion depends on the microstructure of different phases present in the scale, the segregation of specific elements at the interface and the interfacial morphology of the scale after reheating. It was found that mould flux contaminant decreases scale-steel adhesion and therefore improved the descaling effectiveness significantly compared to non contaminated stainless steel. The descaling effectiveness of contaminated and uncontaminated slab was dependent to the presence of metal free paths (chromite layers along the austenite grains boundaries) and the presence of unoxidized metal in the scale due to nickel enrichment at the interface. Compared to the uncontaminated samples, the descaling of contaminated samples was efficient which could be due to the fact that some mechanisms which increase scale– steel adhesion (notably nickel enrichment at the interface) were considerably reduced. For all contaminated samples, the descaling effectiveness after visual observation were close to 100% and it was found that mould flux type 832 ( low basicity) gave a high descaling efficiency with better steel surface quality after descaling compared to mould fluxes type 810 and RF1.