The aim of this study is to explore whether and how traditional African values manifest in a present-day, urban South African setting and whether these values could have an impact on HIV/AIDS prevention programmes. Five interviewees who work and live in Soshanguve confirmed that some traditional African beliefs still play a role in the lives of people in Soshanguve. Several authors stress the fact that certain traditional beliefs and values place people at risk with regard to HIV/AIDS infection. Some of the traditional African beliefs that continue to shape and inform the behaviour of people who live in Soshanguve could therefore place them at risk with regard to HIV/AIDS infection. These risks should be underlined in HIV/AIDS prevention programmes presented in Soshanguve. In the problem statement for this study the question is asked: how can traditional African beliefs and values be utilised in HIV/AIDS prevention programmes in Soshanguve? According to the P-E-N model or strategy, traditional cultural beliefs and behaviours may be categorised as positive (P), exotic (E) or negative (N), and treated accordingly. In terms of the P-E-N model, positive cultural beliefs and behaviours are those which are known to be beneficial in HIV/AIDS prevention. The emphasis in a community like Soshanguve should be on positive (P) beliefs and values that can be utilised in HIV/AIDS programmes. Traditional healers, community leaders and church leaders should all be involved in these programmes. Success stories in Africa point to the need for cultural sensitivity as well as the importance of involving the whole community in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
Dissertation (MA (Counselling Psychology))--University of Pretoria, 2006.