Although the opportunistic feeding habits of leopards were evident in this study, scat analysis showed that ungulates were by far the predominant food, with impala being the most frequent item. The fact that cattle calves were only taken up to ± 100 days old, emphasize the relevance of a proper stock management program to prevent stock losses. In addition, where such measures were impractical, temporary physical barriers such as electric fencing showed potential for application. Modification on different capture techniques were investigated not only to capture leopards for radio collaring but also for the elimination of problem leopards. The effective home range size of a resident male and female leopard in the Naboomspruit area were calculated at 303 km2 and 157 km2 respectively. A density of one leopard per 53 km2 are suggested for the Naboosmpruit study area. Both leopards were predominantly nocturnal with some crepuscular activity. Translocation experiments revealed different results. The conducting of translocations in farming areas, where problem leopards are involved are however not suggested. Leopard density and distribution patterns showed that numbers are relative safe, and that populations are currently to a large extent linked, which makes natural gene flow a possibility. Although suitable areas for leopards thus exist, these may not be available as homogenous units in the future, due to increasing human pressure.
Dissertation (MSc (Zoology))--University of Pretoria, 2006.
Swanepoel, Lourens Hendrik; Somers, Michael J.; Van Hoven, Wouter; Schiess-Meier, Monika; Owen, Gailey; Snyman, Andrei; Martins, Quinton; Senekal, Charl; Camacho, Gerrie C.; Boshoff, Willem; Dalerum, Fredrik(Cambridge University Press, 2015-10)
Estimation of survival rates is important for
developing and evaluating conservation options for large
carnivores. However, telemetry studies for large carnivores
are often characterized by small sample sizes that ...
Pitman, Ross T.; Kilian, Petrus Johannes; Ramsay, Paul M.; Swanepoel, Lourens Hendrik(Southern African Wildlife Management Association, 2013-10)
Carnivores that persist outside of protected areas are often deemed to have highly adaptable
and generalist foraging strategies. Using data from three GPS-collared female leopards
(Panthera pardus) and over an eight-month ...
Swanepoel, Lourens Hendrik; Lindsey, Peter Andrew; Somers, Michael J.; Van Hoven, Wouter; Dalerum, Fredrik(Wiley, 2013-02)
Large mammalian carnivores are threatened by anthropogenic environmental
impacts, particularly through habitat loss which often cause population declines.
Understanding the extent of suitable habitat is therefore of great ...