The Great Lakes region covers central, eastern and some parts of southern Africa. It is situated strategically in the middle of the African continent and its stability, peace and development is imperative for the African continent. Inter and Intra-state conflicts have gone on in the region for the past couple of decades. These conflicts, which threatened to become a regional war, seem to have come to an end, but have left terrible reminders including the presence of masses of internally displaced persons. Various attempts have been made within the Great Lakes at state and regional level to address the issue of internal displacement. This study has highlighted these attempts while outlining the major setbacks and the gaps manifesting in existing institutional and legal framework. The study further has proposed the need for a comprehensive legal framework which should among other things codify the standards of protection; provide for the means and institutions of coordinating protection and assistance in all phases of displacement; serve as a legal basis for coordinating various regional and international actors and agencies involved in providing protection and assistance for internally displaced persons in Africa; highlight the measure or level of political will to achieve this; and finally provide means of monitoring such protection and assistance and ensure compliance by states. The study has also highlighted that existing frameworks, legal and institutional within the Great Lakes region and through additional aid from international mechanisms and actors are not adequate to resolve the issue of internal displacement within the region permanently and find durable solutions to millions of people laboring from protracted displacement. The study suggests alternative reliance on African systems and their conceptual contribution to the resolution of conflict and displacement in Africa and the Great Lakes in particular. The Final part of the study looks at national attempts to address the problem of internal displacement. Kenya and Uganda are discussed and contrasted in depth whilst highlighting their similarities and differences in addressing internal displacement. Both countries have at one point or the other experienced internal displacement, although not necessarily on the same scale, dynamics, time frame or even severity. They both seem to have taken incredible steps to address the issue of internal displacement including drafting policies, laws as well as assigning responsibilities for the displaced to specific ministries of government. Internally displaced persons in both countries seem to be in the process of returning home, even though at very different scales, and not always necessarily as a durable solution. These two countries have been used as case studies for identifying the domestic process of addressing internal displacement as well as determining the degree of comprehensiveness of the frameworks set up to address internal displacement.