This research study examines the manner in which a cardiological sample presents in terms of their psychological make-up by making specific reference to the constructs self-concept and emotions. A literature overview of different aspects of self-concept, emotion and cardiology places the results and discussions of the study within a theoretical background. The study supplies descriptive information relating to the demographic profile of the sample, followed by a description of various aspects of self-concept and emotions, as well as a correlational exploration of the manner in which the sample group presents. The sample consisted of 29 individuals, all who had been diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) and been subjected to surgery as a result thereof. The participants completed a questionnaire, containing two measurement instruments, namely the Adolescent Self-Concept Scale (ASCS) and the Emotions Profile Index (EPI). The scores, obtained by the sample, were subjected to statistical analysis to provide a self-conceptual and emotional profile of the sample. The Spearman Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient was then used to indicate the extent to which the sample tended towards portraying themselves in a positive light, more than they might be experiencing. The study further refers to the views of the sample group, relating to these findings, as obtained from an information and discussion session held with them. The study indicate a significant statistical trend amongst the sample group to portray themselves in a positive light in relation to emotions, even though they were not in reality experiencing such positive emotions. Although the same positive trend was indicated with self-concept, the study cannot conclusively indicate that this is not a realistic presentation of the sample group as a whole.
Dissertation (Counselling Psychology)--University of Pretoria, 2006.