In this article, the argument is made that homosexual relationships of love and commitment was known by the writers of the Bible. Though definitions like "gay" or "homosexuality" was not known, sexual identity was known. According to the anthropology of the Mediterranean people, somebody's identity was found in the way he or she lived: "If I have a homosexual relationship, then my identity was homosexual".
This article shows that permanent homosexual relationships of love and commitment were known among the Greek philosophers. People like Plato, Aristotle and Pausanius had permanent homosexual partners. Even Paul knew about permanent homosexual relationships of love and commitment. Sufficient evidence has been found in cities like Rome, Corinth and Ephesus on the existence of such relationships.