Cross-eye jamming is an Electronic Attack (EA) technique that induces an angular error in the radar being jammed. The main benefit of cross-eye jamming is that it is effective against monopulse tracking radars, which are largely immune to other forms of jamming. The objective of this research is to gain a complete understanding of cross-eye jamming so that systems that might be developed in future can be properly specied. The main contribution of this work is a comprehensive mathematical and experimental study of retrodirective cross-eye jamming. The mathematical analysis considers all aspects of an isolated, single-loop, retrodirective cross-eye jamming engagement, thereby avoiding the approximations inherent in other cross-eye jamming analyses. Laboratory experiments that accurately represent reality by using the radar for both transmission and reception, and simulating a true retrodirective cross-eye jammer were performed to validate the theoretical analysis. Lastly, the relationship between the angular error induced in the radar being jammed and the matching required from a cross-eye jammer system is explored. The most important conclusion of this work is that the traditional analyses of cross- eye jamming are inaccurate for the conditions under which cross-eye jammers operate. These inaccuracies mean that the traditional analyses are overly conservative, particularly at short ranges and for high cross-eye gains, suggesting that practical cross-eye jammers can be realised more easily than is generally believed.
Lamprecht, G.A.; Hall, D.C.; Southern African Transport Conference (29th : 2010 : Pretoria, South Africa); Transportation Research Board of the National Academies (TRB)(Document Transformation Technologies, 2010-08)
Paper presented at the 29th Annual Southern African Transport Conference 16 - 19 August 2010 "Walk Together", CSIR International Convention Centre, Pretoria, South Africa. ABSTRACT:
Du Plessis, W.P. (Warren Paul)(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013)
It is desirable to limit the apparent target to one side of a retrodirective cross-eye jammer despite the variation
caused by platform skin return. The relationship between the jammer parameters and the jammer-to-signal ...
Pienaar, Monique; Odendaal, J.W. (Johann Wilhelm); Joubert, Johan; Cilliers, Jacques E.; Kloke, Kevin Hugh(Wiley, 2016-05)
The radar cross section (RCS) of passive calibration targets is relatively low, which leads to a commensurate increase in the uncertainty of the radar’s calibration. To address this deficiency, an active radar calibration ...