Cross-eye jamming is an Electronic Attack (EA) technique that induces an angular error in the radar being jammed. The main benefit of cross-eye jamming is that it is effective against monopulse tracking radars, which are largely immune to other forms of jamming. The objective of this research is to gain a complete understanding of cross-eye jamming so that systems that might be developed in future can be properly specied. The main contribution of this work is a comprehensive mathematical and experimental study of retrodirective cross-eye jamming. The mathematical analysis considers all aspects of an isolated, single-loop, retrodirective cross-eye jamming engagement, thereby avoiding the approximations inherent in other cross-eye jamming analyses. Laboratory experiments that accurately represent reality by using the radar for both transmission and reception, and simulating a true retrodirective cross-eye jammer were performed to validate the theoretical analysis. Lastly, the relationship between the angular error induced in the radar being jammed and the matching required from a cross-eye jammer system is explored. The most important conclusion of this work is that the traditional analyses of cross- eye jamming are inaccurate for the conditions under which cross-eye jammers operate. These inaccuracies mean that the traditional analyses are overly conservative, particularly at short ranges and for high cross-eye gains, suggesting that practical cross-eye jammers can be realised more easily than is generally believed.
Du Plessis, W.P. (Warren Paul)(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017-01)
The effect of the return from the platform
on which a cross-eye jammer is mounted is significant
in many practical cross-eye jamming scenarios. However,
all published analyses of skin-return affected cross-eye
Sendall, Joshua Leigh(University of Pretoria, 2017)
Passive radar detects and ranges targets by receiving signals which are reflected off targets. Communication transmissions are generally used, however, theoretically any signal with a suitable ambiguity function may be ...
Van Schoor, M.; Nienaber, Willem C.; Marais-Werner, Anatulie(European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, 2017-06)
A controlled three-dimensional ground penetrating radar monitoring study over simulated clandestine graves was conducted near Pretoria, South Africa, in which the detectability of graves as a function of post-burial interval ...