In South Africa the genus, Eucalyptus plays an important role as a major economic component in the forest and mining sector. Unfortunately, this genus has problems due to damage by pests. The Eucalyptus snout beetle, Gonipterus scutellatus, feeds and defoliates the leaves of eucalypts. Plants produce secondary metabolites, which protects them against defoliation by insects and herbivores. This study focuses on the variations of total soluble phenolic content of nine Eucalyptus species between the species and within the species throughout the year. Total soluble phenols were quantified with the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent. There was a general increase in the concentration of total soluble phenols throughout the year. The content of total soluble phenols were generally higher compared to carbohydrates. This experiment needs to be done on a continuous basis so as to formulate a screening method for eucalypt species that are resistant to G. scutellatus.
Dissertation (M Inst Agrar (Sustainable Insect Management))--University of Pretoria, 2005.