The growing level of credit extension in South Africa has received a lot of attention recently, more so as household debt, as a percentage of disposable income, tests record highs. It has been argued that this growth in household debt has been driven by ease of access to credit, with authorities going so far as to suggest that lenders have been extending credit ‘recklessly’. The National Credit Act was enacted on the premise that consumers need to be protected from this practice. The Act thus exerts pressure on the credit lenders to assess the consumer’s ability to repay, disclose the cost of credit, as well as setting limit on interest that can be charged. The aim of the research is to investigate the effectiveness of the Act in curbing consumer indebtedness and how it can lead to consumer behavioural attitudes and actions toward credit use. The research was carried out in two stages. The purpose of the first phase sought to explore the effectiveness of the Act by consulting with those charged with supervision of the Act (the regulator) and those implementing the Act (credit providers), while the second phase conducted a survey amongst consumers to establish their levels of awareness and understanding of the Act, and how they would model their behaviours differently, so as to curb their indebtedness. The results derived from the research show that an overwhelming acceptance of the Act, its intentions and desired outcomes amongst credit provider and the regulator, and the general need for consumer protection. Consumers, on the other hand indicate a low level of awareness of the Act, its intentions and how it is likely to impact on their finances, making it difficult to tell if it can lead to changes in levels of consumer indebtedness.