Black South African urban music styles : the ideological concepts and beliefs surrounding their development 1930-1960

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dc.contributor.advisor Van Niekerk, Caroline en
dc.contributor.postgraduate Stewart, Lynette Adora en
dc.date.accessioned 2013-09-06T14:00:44Z
dc.date.available 2006-03-06 en
dc.date.available 2013-09-06T14:00:44Z
dc.date.created 2001-09-01 en
dc.date.issued 2007-03-06 en
dc.date.submitted 2006-03-02 en
dc.description Thesis (DPhil (Music))--University of Pretoria, 2007. en
dc.description.abstract The main focus of this work explores the ideological concepts surrounding the early development of South African urban music. First, a brief description of the development of some of the major urban music styles of the continent of Africa is provided. This is followed by an overview of the early development of South African urban styles, and includes definitions of the styles as they occurred chronologically up to the development of African jazz in the 1940s. Kwela is discussed as the major commercial offshoot of African jazz in the 1950s. The concepts and beliefs, or 'thought worlds', which were transmitted from white South African liberals to elite black intellectuals in the 1930s and 1940s, in so far as they were presented in the press of these decades, are examined. Specifically, the effects of these liberal ideological concepts on the preference for western civilisation in general and western music in particular is discussed. The role of Black America as the flagship of black progress, achievement, and above all, success in the realms of music, is assessed in relation to its impetus for the black elite 'liberal' strategy which essentially appealed to white moral conscience. The concepts of Africanism and 'New Africanism' are investigated so as to determine their influence on the creation of unique, syncretic African forms, and in particular, on the birth of African jazz or mbaqanga of the 1940s. The viability of describing elite support for the Africanisation of jazz in this decade as expressing or emanating from political militancy as a manifestation of the 'philosophy' of 'New Africanism' is debated. The 1950s are presented as a decade which can be described in generalised terms as one of 'urban protest', in which a mélange of hedonism and political assertion provides the context for the creation of highly commercialised African urban styles. The use of the colloquial epithet 'msakazo' as an umbrella term for these styles is discussed, focussing on the ideological perspectives of the proponents and opponents of the genre. Reasons for the vehement opposition to African styles by some in the media who simultaneously sponsored American progressive jazz styles such as bebop, are analysed. Emphasis throughout the work is given to the interplay between Government policies and the development of the different styles. In particular, the role of the Nationalist Party policy of Apartheid, and its direct and indirect effects on the demise of African jazz, is examined. en
dc.description.availability unrestricted en
dc.description.department Music en
dc.identifier.citation Stewart, L 2000, Black South African urban music styles : the ideological concepts and beliefs surrounding their development 1930-1960, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed yymmdd < http://hdl.handle.net/2263/22921 > en
dc.identifier.other H333/ag en
dc.identifier.upetdurl http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-03022006-125615/ en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/22921
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher University of Pretoria en_ZA
dc.rights © 2000, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria. en
dc.subject Jazz south africa en
dc.subject Kwela en
dc.subject Folk music south africa en
dc.subject Music south africa en
dc.subject UCTD en_US
dc.title Black South African urban music styles : the ideological concepts and beliefs surrounding their development 1930-1960 en
dc.type Thesis en


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