In vitro antibacterial activity of seven plants used traditionally to treat wound myiasis in animals in southern Africa

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dc.contributor.author Mukandiwa, Lillian
dc.contributor.author Naidoo, Vinny
dc.contributor.author Eloff, Jacobus Nicolaas
dc.date.accessioned 2013-07-15T07:34:50Z
dc.date.available 2013-07-15T07:34:50Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-18
dc.description.abstract In the extreme situation of subsistence farming where insecticides and other veterinary medicines are either unavailable or unaffordable, the use of plants in the treatment of wound myiasis in livestock has been reported worldwide. However, the exact effect of these plants on myiatic wounds has not been established. This study was therefore undertaken to establish the biological activity of seven species of plants which are used traditionally and are claimed to be effective in the treatment of wound myiasis. Plants that have a wide distribution in southern Africa were selected. This paper focuses on the antibacterial activity of these plants on bacteria known to be among the common contaminants of wounds. It has been shown that bacterial action on wounds produce compounds which have an odour that serve as an attractant of myiasis-causing flies. The antibacterial activity of the plants was investigated using a microdilution assay and bioautography methods. All the tested plants had inhibitory activity against the test bacteria. Inhibiting bacterial activity reduces the attractants of myiasis-causing flies to the wound. Thus, inhibiting bacteria action on wounds will interfere with the development of wound myiasis. This could be one of the mechanism through which the plants that are used traditionally in the treatment of wound myiasis work. en
dc.description.librarian am2013 en
dc.description.librarian mn2013
dc.description.sponsorship The University of Pretoria and the National Research Foundation. L. Mukandiwa gratefully acknowledges the financial support from German Academic Exchange Service, DAAD, during the period of this study. en
dc.description.uri http://www.academicjournals.org/JMPR en
dc.identifier.citation Mukandiwa, L, Naidoo, V & Eloff, JN 2012, 'In vitro antibacterial activity of seven plants used traditionally to treat wound myiasis in animals in southern Africa', Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 6, no. 27, pp. 4379-4388. en
dc.identifier.issn 1996-0875
dc.identifier.other 10.5897/JMPR11.1130
dc.identifier.other 7005589445
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/21953
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Academic Journals en
dc.rights © 2012 Academic Journals en
dc.subject Wound myiasis en
dc.subject Ethnoveterinary medicine en
dc.subject Antibacterial activity en
dc.subject.lcsh Alternative medicine -- South Africa en
dc.title In vitro antibacterial activity of seven plants used traditionally to treat wound myiasis in animals in southern Africa en
dc.type Article en


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