Somalia, a country situated in Eastern Africa has been struggling
between rival warlords and an inability to deal with famine. Diseases have
resulted to the deaths of up to millions of people. According to a New York
Times article on 25 November 2011, Somalia has become a suffering and failed
state. The inadequate infrastructure and poorly planned logistics of Somalia
may lead to the destruction of the country.
To address these concerns, it is necessary that humanitarian aid is prepositioned
to provide victims with sufficient relief. This chapter addresses some
of the issues in supply chain management with the trade-off between stockpile
cost and shortage cost by using pre-emptive multi-objective programming. The
proposed criteria of the model are described. This is followed by a case study
based on Somalia, illustrating the functionality of the model.