Influenza surveillance in 15 countries in Africa, 2006-2010

Show simple item record Radin, Jennifer Michalove Katz, Mark A. Tempia, Stefano Nzussouo, Ndahwouh Talla Davis, Richard Duque, Jazmin Adedeji, Adebayo Adjabeng, Michael Jeroen Ampofo, William Kwabena Ayele, Workenesh Bakamutumaho, Barnabas Barakat, Amal Benmamoun, Abderahman Cohen, Adam L. Cohen, Cheryl Dalhatu, Ibrahim T. Daouda, Coulibaly Dueger, Erica Francisco, Moisés Heraud, Jean-Michel Jima, Daddi Kabanda, Alice Kadjo, Hervé Kandeel, Amr Shamamba, Stomy Karhemere Bi Kasolo, Francis Kronmann, Karl C. Liwewe, Mazyanga L. Mazaba Lutwama, Julius Julian Matonya, Miriam Mmbaga, Vida Mott, Joshua A. Muhimpundu, Marie Aimee Muthoka, Phillip Njuguna, Henry Randrianasolo, Laurence Refaey, Samir Sanders, Charlene Talaat, Maha Theo, Andros Valente, Fátima Venter, Marietjie Woodfill, Celia Bresee, Joseph Moen, Ann Widdowson, Marc-Alain 2013-05-09T09:39:41Z 2013-12-31T00:20:04Z 2012
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: In response to the potential threat of an influenza pandemic, several international institutions and governments, in partnership with African countries, invested in the development of epidemiologic and laboratory influenza surveillance capacity in Africa. METHODS: We used a standardized form to collect information on influenza surveillance system characteristics, the number and percent of influenza-positive patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) or severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) and virologic data. RESULTS: Between 2006 and 2010, the number of ILI and SARI sites in 15 African countries increased from 21 to 127 and from 2 to 98, respectively. Influenza was detected in 22% of ILI cases and 10% of SARI cases. Children 0-4 years accounted for 48% all ILI and SARI cases of which 20% and 10 respectively were positive for influenza. Influenza peaks were generally discernible in North and South Africa. Substantial co-circulation of influenza A and B occurred most years. CONCLUSIONS: Influenza is a major cause of respiratory illness in Africa, especially in children. Further strengthening influenza surveillance, along with conducting special studies on influenza burden, cost of illness, and role of other respiratory pathogens will help detect novel influenza viruses and inform and develop targeted influenza prevention policy decisions in the region. en_US
dc.description.librarian hb2013 en_US
dc.description.librarian ay2013
dc.description.sponsorship The work presented in this manuscript was funded completely or in part by host governments, Institute Pasteur, and cooperative agreements with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and/or the U.S. Department of Defense. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Radin, JM...[et al.] 2012, ' Influenza Surveillance in 15 Countries in Africa, 2006-2010', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 206, no. 12, suppl. 1: S14-S21. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0022-1899 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1537-6613 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1093/infdis/jis606
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Oxford University Press en_US
dc.rights en_US
dc.subject Influenza en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.subject Influenza-like illness (ILI) en_US
dc.subject Severe acute respiratory illness en_US
dc.subject Children en_US
dc.subject Seasonality en_US
dc.subject Virologic en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Influenza -- Research en
dc.title Influenza surveillance in 15 countries in Africa, 2006-2010 en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

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