This study highlights the need for a theory of meaningfulness for accounting information. A theory of meaningfulness determines the theoretical position that may be taken about the scientific content of information. The need for such a theory in accounting arises from the perspective that users of accounting information have not been able to take a firm theoretical position about the scientific content of accounting information in the financial statements. This has caused users of accounting information to lose confidence in the financial statements. This paper uses the representational measurement concept of meaningfulness to highlight the inadequacies of the current accounting concept of meaningfulness and to suggest possible ways of addressing these inadequacies. The development of a theory of meaningfulness of accounting information would improve the users’ confidence in the financial statements.