The Archaeofauna from Xaro on the Okavango Delta in northern Botswana

Show simple item record Van Zyl, Wynand J. Badenhorst, Shaw Taljaard, Elene Denbow, James R. Wilmsen, Edwin N. 2013-03-15T07:01:34Z 2013-03-15T07:01:34Z 2013-02
dc.description.abstract We report on the fauna from the sites of Xaro 1 and Xaro 2 located on the Okavango Delta in northern Botswana. Carbon isotopes from two human graves at Xaro Lodge located approximately 500 m south of Xaro 1 suggest an economy oriented toward wild plants, fish and game similar to that of the modern baNoka, or ‘River Bushmen’. The faunal remains from Xaro 1 and 2 corroborate this suggestion.Pottery from the Early Iron Age, radiocarbon dates from the Later Iron Age, and glass beads from the European trade indicate there were two occupations at both sites, one belonging to the 18th and 19th centuries and an earlier one containing ceramics consistent with a first millennium AD date. The fauna from both occupations is dominated by fish and Chelonia (likely tortoise or terrapin). The people also hunted a variety of game animals, most of which are associated with aquatic conditions. Sheep remains were recovered from the later occupation of Xaro 1. en_US
dc.description.librarian am2013 en_US
dc.description.librarian cp2013 en
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation VAN ZYL,W. J., BADENHORST, S., TALJAARD, E., DENBOW, J. R. and WILMSEN, E. N., 2013. The Archaeofauna from Xaro on the Okavango Delta in Northern Botswana.Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 49–58. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0041-1752
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Transvaal Museum en_US
dc.rights Transvaal Museum en_US
dc.subject BaNoka en_US
dc.subject River Bushmen en_US
dc.subject Okavango en_US
dc.subject Botswana en_US
dc.subject Fauna en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Plant remains (Archaeology) en
dc.subject.lcsh Okavango River Delta (Botswana) en
dc.subject.lcsh Archaeological assemblages en
dc.subject.lcsh Radiocarbon dating en
dc.title The Archaeofauna from Xaro on the Okavango Delta in northern Botswana en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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