Sub-clinical mastitis and associated risk factors on lactating cows in the Savannah Region of Nigeria

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dc.contributor.author Shittu, Aminu
dc.contributor.author Abdullahi, Jamilu
dc.contributor.author Jibril, Aliyu
dc.contributor.author Mohammed, Aminu A.
dc.contributor.author Fasina, Folorunso Oludayo
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-23T09:16:28Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-23T09:16:28Z
dc.date.issued 2012-08-15
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Sub-clinical mastitis limits milk production and represents an important barrier to profitable livestock economics worldwide. Milk production from cows in Nigeria is not at optimum levels in view of many factors including sub-clinical mastitis. RESULTS: The overall herd-level prevalence rate for SCM was 85.33% (256/300 heads of cows) while the quarter-level prevalence rate of SCM was 43.25% (519/1,200 quarters). The prevalence of SCM was 50.67%, 43.67%, 39.67% and 39.13% for the left fore-quarter, right hind-quarter, left hind-quarter and right fore-quarter, respectively. The Rahaji breed had the highest prevalence of SCM with 65.91% (29/44), while the White Fulani breed had the least with 32.39% (57/176). A total of 32.33% (97/300) had only one mammary quarter affected, 30.33% (91/300) had two quarters affected, 16.00% (48/300) had three quarters affected while 6.67% (20/300) had all the four quarters affected. A total of 53.00% had SCM in multiple quarters (159/300). The risk of SCM decreased significantly among young lactating cows compared to older animals (OR = 0.283; P < 0.001; 95% CI = 0.155; 0.516). The Rahaji breed had significantly higher risk compared with the White Fulani breed (OR = 8.205; P = 0.013; 95% CI = 1.557; 43.226). Improved sanitation (washing hands before milking) will decrease the risk of SCM (OR = 0.173; P = 0.003; 95% CI = 0.054; 0.554). CONCLUSION: SCM is prevalent among lactating cows in the Nigerian Savannah; and this is associated with both animal characteristics (age, breed and individual milk quarters) and milking practices (hand washing).Good knowledge of the environment and careful management of the identified risk factors with improved sanitation should assist farm managers and veterinarians in implementing preventative programmes to reduce the incidence of SCM. en
dc.description.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/1746-6148/8/134 en
dc.identifier.citation Shittu et al.: Sub-clinical mastitis and associated risk factors on lactating cows in the Savannah Region of Nigeria. BMC Veterinary Research 2012 8:134. en
dc.identifier.issn 1476-6148
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1746-6148-8-134
dc.identifier.other 16416667800
dc.identifier.other H-9699-2013
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/20889
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2012 Shittu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Sub-clinical mastitis en
dc.subject Cattle en
dc.subject Nigeria en
dc.subject.lcsh Mastitis -- Nigeria en
dc.subject.lcsh Cattle -- Diseases en
dc.subject.lcsh Udder -- iseases en
dc.subject.lcsh Cows -- Nigeria en
dc.title Sub-clinical mastitis and associated risk factors on lactating cows in the Savannah Region of Nigeria en
dc.type Article en


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