Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in six adult captive caracals (Caracal caracal) to describe
the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy. Consistently, the splenic parenchyma was hyperechoic to the
liver and kidneys. The relative echogenicity of the right kidney’s cortex was inconsistent to the liver. The gall
bladder was prominent in five animals and surrounded by a clearly visualized thin, smooth, regular echogenic wall.
The wall thickness of the duodenum measured significantly greater compared with that of the jejunum and colon.
The duodenum had a significantly thicker mucosal layer compared with that of the stomach. Such knowledge of
the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy of individual species is important for accurate diagnosis and
interpretation of routine health examinations.
BACKGROUND : Wild carnivores living alongside humans and domestic animals are vulnerable to changes in the infectious
disease dynamics in their populations. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and ...
Winterton, Deborah Jean; Van Wilgen, Nicola J.; Venter, Jan A.(PeerJ, 2020-01-27)
The subtle and cascading effects (e.g., altered interspecific interactions) that anthropogenic
stressors have on local ecological assemblages often go unnoticed but are
concerning given their importance in ecosystem ...