Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in six adult captive caracals (Caracal caracal) to describe
the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy. Consistently, the splenic parenchyma was hyperechoic to the
liver and kidneys. The relative echogenicity of the right kidney’s cortex was inconsistent to the liver. The gall
bladder was prominent in five animals and surrounded by a clearly visualized thin, smooth, regular echogenic wall.
The wall thickness of the duodenum measured significantly greater compared with that of the jejunum and colon.
The duodenum had a significantly thicker mucosal layer compared with that of the stomach. Such knowledge of
the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy of individual species is important for accurate diagnosis and
interpretation of routine health examinations.
Lion (Panthera leo) and caracal (Caracal caracal) skeletal muscle samples from Vastus lateralis, Longissimus dorsi and Bluteus medius were analysed for fiber type and citrate synthase (CS; EC 220.127.116.11), 3-hydroxyacyl Co A ...