Over a 10-year period, 173 isolates of Salmonella were obtained during routine isolation from reptiles.
Of the 173 isolates, 92 different Salmonella serovars were identified. Of them, 61 (66%) belonged
to subspecies I, nine to subspecies II and 21 to subspecies Ill (lIla and lllb), and one to subspecies
IV. The majority of isolates were from farmed Nile crocodiles (145), three from wild-caught
African dwarf crocodiles, 11 from captive snakes, 13 from lizards and one from a tortoise. The isolates
from the tortoise and lizards were subspecies I isolates (Zaire and Tsevie, respectively). Of
the snakes, nine isolates were S.lll. The serovars isolated most often from the crocodiles were of
subspecies I (32 serovars). Eight were from subspecies II, seven from subspecies Ill and one from
subspecies IV. The most frequently identified serovars were Typhimurium (seven), Tsevie (six), Duval
(six), Schwerin (six), Tinda (six), and Tallahassee (six). On two commercial crocodile breeding farms
that had experienced ongoing problems for about two years, many isolates of Salmonella were made.
Some of these serovars were isolated more than once, and also months apart. No single Salmonella
serovar predominated, nor did a single pathological condition. These salmonellas were predominantly
of subspecies I.
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