Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Show simple item record Reynes, J.M. Soares, J.L. Keo, C. Ong, S. Heng, N.Y. Vanhoye, B.
dc.contributor.editor Verwoerd, Daniel Wynand 2012-10-01T11:50:44Z 2012-10-01T11:50:44Z 2012 1999
dc.description The articles have been scanned in colour with a HP Scanjet 5590; 600dpi. Adobe Acrobat v.9 was used to OCR the text and also for the merging and conversion to the final presentation PDF-format. en
dc.description.abstract In order to provide relevant therapeutic answers to human patients exposed to risk of rabies infection who visit the lnstitut Pasteur du Cambodge for post-exposure treatment and to improve control of rabies in Cambodia, a pilot study was carried out in Phnom Penh Province in November and December 1997 with three objectives: characterization of the population of animals responsible for the exposure to rabies, observation of the animals concerned, and confirmation of the presence of rabies virus in the province. Between 18 November 1997 and 19 December 1997, 409 of the 741 patients treated at the lnstitut Pasteur du Cambodge because of an exposure to a known rabies vector were included in the study. The animals concerned were: 401 dogs (98 %), six monkeys (1 ,5 %) and two cats (0,5%). Three-hundred-and-seventy of the animals (90,5%) were owned, 4 (1 %) were unowned but were available for characterization and observation, and 35 (8,6 %) had an unknown ownership status and were not available for further study. The exposures occurred on private property in 84% of the cases, and 80 of the 370 owned animals (22 %) lived in the same home as had the patient. The 374 animals with known ownership status were examined. Five were already dead and two of these five dogs had presented clinical signs typical of those of rabies. The male:female sex ratio of the dogs was 2,1: 1. The 369 live animals were placed under observation for 10 d immediately after exposure of the humans had taken place. At the end of the period none of the animals had developed clinical signs of rabies, three had died of diseases other than rabies, and one was lost. Tests for the rabies nucleocapsid antigen were positive in two cases (the two suspected rabid dogs), confirming the presence of rabies in Phnom Penh Province. Consequently, we recommend measures to improve the control of rabies in Cambodia. en
dc.description.librarian mn2012 en
dc.identifier.citation Reynes, JM, Soares, JL, Keo, C, Ong, S, Heng, NY & Vanhoye, B 1999, 'Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia’. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 129-133. en
dc.identifier.issn 0330-2465
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Published by the Agricultural Research Council, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute en
dc.rights © ARC-Onderstepoort (original). © University of Pretoria. Dept of Library Services (digital). en
dc.subject Veterinary medicine en
dc.subject Cambodia en
dc.subject Post-exposure treatment en
dc.subject Rabies control en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- South Africa
dc.subject.lcsh Rabies in animals en
dc.title Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia en
dc.type Article en

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