Fiber type and metabolic characteristics of lion (Panthera leo), caracal (Caracal caracal) and human skeletal muscle

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dc.contributor.author Kohn, Tertius Abraham
dc.contributor.author Burroughs, R.E.J. (Richard)
dc.contributor.author Hartman, Marthinus Jacobus
dc.contributor.author Noakes, Timothy David
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-15T07:35:46Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-15T07:35:46Z
dc.date.issued 2011-06
dc.description.abstract Lion (Panthera leo) and caracal (Caracal caracal) skeletal muscle samples from Vastus lateralis, Longissimus dorsi and Bluteus medius were analysed for fiber type and citrate synthase (CS; EC 2.3.3.1), 3-hydroxyacyl Co A dehydrogenase (3HAD; EC 1.1.1.35(, phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK; EC 2.7.1.11), creatine kinase (CK; EC 2.7.3.2), phosphorylase (PHOS; EC 2.4.1.1) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC 1.1.1.27) activities and compared to human runners, the latter also serving as validation of methodology. Both felids had predominantly type IIX fibers (range 50-80%), whereas human muscle had more types I and IIs. Oxidative capacity of both felids (CS: 5-9 µmol/min/g ww) was lower than humans, whereas the glycolytic capacity was elevated. LDH activity of caracal (346±81) was higher than lion (277±62 µmol/min/g ww), with human being the lowest (55±17). CK and PHOS activities were also higher in caracal and lion compared to human, but PFK was lower in both felid species. The current data and past research are illustrated graphically showing a strong relationship between type II fibers and sprinting ability in various species. These data on caracal and lion muscles confirm their sprinting behaviour. en
dc.description.librarian mn2012 en
dc.description.sponsorship The National Research Foundation of South Africa en
dc.description.uri http://www.elsevier.com/locate/cbpa en
dc.identifier.citation Tertius Abraham Kohn, Richard Burroughs, Marthinus Jacobus Hartman & Timothy David Noakes, Fiber type and metabolic characteristics of lion (Panthera leo), caracal (Caracal caracal) and human skeletal muscle, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A, vol. 159, no. 2, pp. 125-133, (2011), doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.02.006. en
dc.identifier.issn 1095-6433 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1531-4332 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.02.006
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2263/19598
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.rights © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Notice : this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A.Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, vol.159, issue. 2, 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.02.006. en
dc.subject Fiber type en
dc.subject Myosin heavy chain en
dc.subject Enzyme activities en
dc.subject Feline en
dc.subject.lcsh Veterinary medicine -- Research en
dc.subject.lcsh Lion -- South Africa en
dc.title Fiber type and metabolic characteristics of lion (Panthera leo), caracal (Caracal caracal) and human skeletal muscle en
dc.type Postprint Article en


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