Novel species of Celoporthe from Eucalyptus and Syzygium trees in China and Indonesia

Show simple item record Chen, ShuaiFei Gryzenhout, Marieka Roux, Jolanda Xie, YaoJian Wingfield, Michael J. Zhou, Xudong 2012-07-19T06:51:49Z 2012-07-19T06:51:49Z 2011
dc.description.abstract Many species in the Cryphonectriaceae cause diseases of trees, including those in the genera Eucalyptus and Syzygium. During disease surveys on these trees in southern China, fruiting structures typical of fungi in the Cryphonectriaceae and associated with dying branches and stems were observed. Morphological comparisons suggested that these fungi were distinct from the well known Chrysoporthe deuterocubensis, also found on these trees in China. The aim of this study was to identify these fungi and evaluate their pathogenicity to Eucalyptus clones/species as well as Syzygium cumini. Three morphologically similar fungal isolates collected previously from Indonesia also were included in the study. Isolates were characterized based on comparisons of morphology and DNA sequence data for the partial LSU and ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA, btubulin and TEF-1a gene regions. After glasshouse trials to select virulent isolates field inoculations were undertaken to screen different commercial Eucalyptus clones/species and S. cumini trees for susceptibility to infection. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the Chinese isolates and those from Indonesia reside in a clade close to previously identified South African Celoporthe isolates. Based on morphology and DNA sequence comparisons, four new Celoporthe spp. were identified and they are described as C. syzygii, C. eucalypti, C. guangdongensis and C. indonesiensis. Field inoculations indicated that the three Chinese Celoporthe spp., C. syzygii, C. eucalypti and C. guangdongensis, are pathogenic to all tested Eucalyptus and S. cumini trees. Significant differences in the susceptibility of the inoculated Eucalyptus clones/ species suggest that it will be possible to select diseasetolerant planting stock for forestry operations in the future. en
dc.description.librarian nf2012 en
dc.description.sponsorship Projects 2007DFA31190, 2008B050100014 and 10145624536-400000, and Tree Protection Co-operative Programme (TPCP). en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Chen, SF, Gryzenhout, M, Roux, J, Xie, YJ, Wingfield, MJ & Zhou, XD 2011, 'Novel species of Celoporthe from Eucalyptus and Syzygium trees in China and Indonesia', Mycologia, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 1384-1410. en
dc.identifier.issn 0027-5514 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1557-2536 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.3852/11-006
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Mycological Society of America en_US
dc.rights © 2011 by The Mycological Society of America en_US
dc.subject Cryphonectriaceae en
dc.subject Celoporthe en
dc.subject Plantation forestry en
dc.subject Stem canker pathogens en
dc.subject.lcsh Myrtales en
dc.subject.lcsh Tree farms en
dc.subject.lcsh Canker (Plant disease) en
dc.subject.lcsh Trees -- Diseases and pests en
dc.title Novel species of Celoporthe from Eucalyptus and Syzygium trees in China and Indonesia en
dc.type Article en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record