Sero-epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in some border states of Nigeria

Show simple item record Lazarus, David Dazhia Schielen, W.J.G. Wungak, Y. Kwange, D. Fasina, Folorunso Oludayo 2012-06-06T09:42:10Z 2012-06-06T09:42:10Z 2012-02-29
dc.description.abstract A serological survey was conducted between 2009 and 2011 in six Border States and two other states that lie on the major cattle trek routes in Nigeria with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in cattle and demonstrate the evidence of antibodies in sheep, goats and pigs. Four hundred and forty-eight (448) sera were screened for FMD antibodies using the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) including samples collected during suspected field outbreaks. Statistics was conducted by using the modified Wald method and two-by-two contingency table. Higher seroprevalence was recorded in cattle samples from Yobe State (82%), followed by those from Plateau (80%), Ogun (77.77%), Taraba (73.50%), Adamawa (68%), Borno (67%), Sokoto (63%) cattle and Bauchi (27.84%), is only in sheep and goat. None of the pig sera obtained from Kaduna was positive. There is no difference in seropositivity between cattle sampled at the border and those from the trek routes. The result confirmed that FMD is still an important cattle disease in Nigeria since the diagnostic procedure employed in this analysis only detect positive serum in FMD infected animals and no history of vaccination was declared for any of the surveyed animals. Based on these results, it will be important to determine the recently circulating virus strains and factors responsible for the widespread seropositivity in order to design appropriate control strategies to limit the effect of FMD particularly on the Nigerian cattle. en
dc.description.librarian ab2012 en
dc.description.uri en
dc.identifier.citation Lazarus, DD, Schielen, WJG, Wungak, Y, Kwange, D & Fasina, FO 2012, 'Sero-epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in some border states of Nigeria', African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 1756-1761. en
dc.identifier.issn 1996-0808
dc.identifier.other 10.5897/AJMR11.1026
dc.identifier.other 16416667800
dc.identifier.other H-9699-2013
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Academic Journals en
dc.relation.requires Adobe Acrobat Reader en
dc.rights © 2012 Academic Journals en
dc.subject FMD en
dc.subject Sero-epidemiology en
dc.subject.lcsh Cattle -- Diseases en
dc.subject.lcsh Foot-and-mouth disease -- Nigeria en
dc.subject.lcsh Foot-and-mouth disease -- Epidemiology en
dc.subject.lcsh Sheep -- Diseases en
dc.subject.lcsh Swine -- Diseases en
dc.subject.lcsh Goats -- Diseases en
dc.title Sero-epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in some border states of Nigeria en
dc.type Article en

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