Impact of structured support groups for pregnant South African women recently diagnosed HIV positive

Show simple item record Mundell, Jonathan Peter Visser, M.J. (Maretha Johanna) Makin, J.D. (Jennifer Dianne) Kershaw, Trace S. Forsyth, Brian William Cameron Jeffery, Bridget Sikkema, Kathleen J. 2012-04-12T13:37:08Z 2012-04-12T13:37:08Z 2011-08
dc.description.abstract The authors of this study evaluated a structured 10-session psy- chosocial support group intervention for newly HIV-diagnosed pregnant South African women. Participants were expected to display increases in HIV disclosure, self-esteem, active coping and positive social support, and decreases in depression, avoidant coping, and negative social support. Three hundred sixty-one pregnant HIV-infected women were recruited from four antenatal clinics in Tshwane townships from April 2005 to September 2006. Using a quasi-experimental design, assessments were conducted at baseline and two and eight months post-intervention. A series of random effects regression analyses were conducted, with the three assessment points treated as a random effect of time. At both follow-ups, the rate of disclosure in the intervention group was significantly higher than that of the comparison group (p < 0.001). Compared to the comparison group at the first follow-up, the intervention group displayed higher levels of active coping (t = 2.68, p < 0.05) and lower levels of avoidant coping (t = -2.02, p < 0.05), and those who attended at least half of the intervention sessions exhibited improved self-esteem (t = 2.11, p < 0.05). Group interventions tailored for newly HIV positive pregnant women, implemented in resource-limited settings, may accelerate the process of adjusting to one’s HIV status, but may not have sustainable benefits over time. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Mundell, JP, Visser, MJ, Makin, JD, Kershaw, TS, Forsyth, BWC, Jeffery, B & Sikkema, KJ 2011, 'The impact of structured support groups for pregnant South African women recently diagnosed HIV positive', Women & Health, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 546-565. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0363-0242 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1541-0331 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/03630242.2011.606356
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Routledge en_US
dc.rights © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject Mental health en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy en_US
dc.subject Psychosocial en_US
dc.subject Social support en_US
dc.subject Adaptation en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Avoidance learning en_US
dc.subject Case-control studies en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Follow-up studies en_US
dc.subject Health resources en_US
dc.subject HIV seropositivity en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Poverty en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy complications en_US
dc.subject Regression analysis en_US
dc.subject Self concept en_US
dc.subject Self disclosure en_US
dc.subject Self-help groups en_US
dc.subject Social support en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject Young adult en_US
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease) en
dc.subject.lcsh Support (Domestic relations) en
dc.subject.lcsh Pregnancy -- Complications en
dc.title Impact of structured support groups for pregnant South African women recently diagnosed HIV positive en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

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