Integrated vector management for malaria control in Uganda : knowledge, perceptions and policy development

Show simple item record Mutero, Clifford Maina Schlodder, Dieter Kabatereine, Narcis Kramer, Randall A. 2012-03-14T11:32:13Z 2012-03-14T11:32:13Z 2012
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Integrated vector management (IVM) is increasingly being recommended as an option for sustainable malaria control. However, many malaria-endemic countries lack a policy framework to guide and promote the approach. The objective of the study was to assess knowledge and perceptions in relation to current malaria vector control policy and IVM in Uganda, and to make recommendations for consideration during future development of a specific IVM policy. METHODS: The study used a structured questionnaire to interview 34 individuals working at technical or policymaking levels in health, environment, agriculture and fisheries sectors. Specific questions on IVM focused on the following key elements of the approach: integration of chemical and non-chemical interventions of vector control; evidence-based decision making; inter-sectoral collaboration; capacity building; legislation; advocacy and community mobilization. RESULTS: All participants were familiar with the term IVM and knew various conventional malaria vector control (MVC) methods. Only 75% thought that Uganda had a MVC policy. Eighty percent (80%) felt there was intersectoral collaboration towards IVM, but that it was poor due to financial constraints, difficulties in involving all possible sectors and political differences. The health, environment and agricultural sectors were cited as key areas requiring cooperation in order for IVM to succeed. Sixty-seven percent (67%) of participants responded that communities were actively being involved in MVC, while 48% felt that the use of research results for evidencebased decision making was inadequate or poor. A majority of the participants felt that malaria research in Uganda was rarely used to facilitate policy changes. Suggestions by participants for formulation of specific and effective IVM policy included: revising the MVC policy and IVM-related policies in other sectors into a single, unified IVM policy and, using legislation to enforce IVM in development projects. CONCLUSION: Integrated management of malaria vectors in Uganda remains an underdeveloped component of malaria control policy. Cooperation between the health and other sectors needs strengthening and funding for MVC increased in order to develop and effectively implement an appropriate IVM policy. Continuous engagement of communities by government as well as monitoring and evaluation of vector control programmes will be crucial for sustaining IVM in the country. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The study was an activity of the Malaria Decision Analysis Support Tool (MDAST) Project funded by GEF/UNEP/WHO-AFRO, Project No. GEFSEC ID 3346. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Mutero et al.: Integrated vector management for malaria control in Uganda: knowledge, perceptions and policy development. Malaria Journal 2012 11:21. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2875
dc.identifier.other 10.1186/1475-2875-11-21
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.rights © 2012 Mutero et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.subject Malaria en_US
dc.subject Integrated vector management en_US
dc.subject Policy development en_US
dc.subject Uganda en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Malaria -- Africa en
dc.title Integrated vector management for malaria control in Uganda : knowledge, perceptions and policy development en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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