This study investigates the trade effects of the EU-SA and SADC preferential trade agreements of which
South Africa is a member. Using a panel data estimation of the gravity model of bilateral trade and based on
data from 1994 to 2008, the study finds the EU-SA preferential trade agreement to have a significant trade
expansion effect. The study further reveals that an informative conclusion on trade effects of the SADC
preferential trade agreement can only be reached once the agreement has been fully operational. The study
also recommends that trade policy in South Africa should increasingly be geared towards broad-based
multilateral liberalisation. In addition, South Africa should promote regional economic stability and
development through supporting regional trade agreement initiatives.
The African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) was launched on the 21 March 2018 with overwhelming support by African States. The FTA emerges against the backdrop of unsuccessful continental economic integration ...
Regional integration arrangements have mushroomed worldwide, both on intra-regional and
extra-regional levels. On an intra-regional level, Africa faces a complicated grid of multiple
and overlapping membership of several ...
The use of artificial intelligence models could enhance the process by which decisions are made for trading in the financial markets. In this project the aim was to define, create, apply and analyse the results of an ...