Military combat work : the reconstitution of the ANC's armed underground, 1971-1976

Show simple item record Simpson, Thula 2011-10-14T06:09:20Z 2012-09-30T22:10:03Z 2011-04
dc.description.abstract This article describes the African National Congress (ANC) underground in South Africa in the years immediately preceding the 1976 Soweto uprising, and it makes three main contributions to the existing literature on the topic. The first is primarily descriptive, and involves providing greater detail than has hitherto been offered on the ANC’s clandestine organisational presence in neighbouring Swaziland, Mozambique and Tanzania that facilitated the revival of the underground in South Africa. The other two are of value in analysing the longer history of the ANC’s armed struggle: firstly, the article describes Military Combat Work, the training regime offered to Umkhonto we Sizwe cadres in the Soviet Union, and which formed the template that was to guide the prosecution of the armed struggle in future years. The second involves backdating to the pre-Soweto uprising period, many of the challenges facing the armed struggle that historians have hitherto characterized as being a post-June 1976 phenomenon. This article describes the Challenges the ANC in exile faced hosting the hundreds of cadres that joined its ranks after recruiting work within South Africa began in the early to mid-1970s. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.identifier.citation Simpson, T 2011, 'Military combat work : the reconstitution of the ANC's armed underground, 1971-1976', African Studies, vol. 70, no. 1, pp.103-122. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0002-0184 (print)
dc.identifier.issn 1469-2872 (online)
dc.identifier.other 10.1080/0020184.2011.557579
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Routledge en_US
dc.rights © 2011 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd on behalf of the University of Witwatersrand. This is an electronic version of an article published in African Studies, 70:1, 103-122. African Studies is available online at: This article is embargoed by the publisher until September 2012. en_US
dc.subject Umkhonto we Sizwe en_US
dc.subject African National Congress (ANC) en_US
dc.subject Soweto uprising en_US
dc.subject Armed struggle en_US
dc.subject Military combat work en_US
dc.subject Black consciousness en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Combat en
dc.subject.lcsh Military education en
dc.subject.lcsh South Africa -- History -- Soweto Uprising, 1976 en
dc.title Military combat work : the reconstitution of the ANC's armed underground, 1971-1976 en_US
dc.type Postprint Article en_US

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